Physicochemical and Heavy Metal Analysis of Industrial Pollution Model Calibration and Validation Using Field Measurements

Publication Date: 08/04/2024

DOI: 10.52589/IJMCE-M97WKXAP

Author(s): Charles Kennedy, Barango Daye Owuna, Ikebude Chiedozie Francis.

Volume/Issue: Volume 7 , Issue 1 (2024)


This study assessed industrial pollution impacts on rivers near Port Harcourt, Nigeria using physicochemical analysis, heavy metal data, and contaminant transport modeling. Key findings show the rivers are severely degraded with extreme levels of heavy metals, low dissolved oxygen, high conductivity, nutrients, and fecal bacteria exceeding water quality guidelines. Uncontrolled effluent discharges from industries are primarily responsible. A first-order advection-diffusion model reliably predicted the rapid initial dilution and slower downstream attenuation of metals like magnesium and cadmium. The model was successfully calibrated and validated using field measurements to determine key transport parameters including dispersion coefficients. The severe contamination indicates current effluent treatment and regulations are inadequate and require urgent strengthening to control sources, expand monitoring, remediate contamination, restore habitats, and protect ecosystem and public health. Sustained engagement of government, industry, communities and researchers is essential to devise integrated solutions that improve water quality. The modeling provides quantitative guidance on pollution impacts and mitigation needs. Further work should refine predictions, establish ecological thresholds, and validate model results with biomonitoring to support evidence-based, adaptive management.


Industrial Pollution, Heavy Metals, Water Quality Modeling, River Ecosystems, Dispersion, Contaminant Transport

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